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Origins and Traditions of Birthstones

Interest in precious and semi-precious stones dates back to ancient times, simply because they retain their brilliance and strength over time. Considered virtuous items, they were used as lucky and magical objects. Of course, the stones are distinguished from each other by their unique history. It is in the depths of the earth that these stones were gradually formed at very high temperatures. They appear on the earth’s surface as a result of movements of the Earth’s crust. It is not uncommon for them to also come from meteorites.

The 12 Stones, Crystals and Minerals of Birth


January Stone : Garnet

Month : January
Symbols : Energy, Loyalty, Truth
Traditions: Garnet was used as a protective stone against harmful energies.

Description : January’s Birthstone, garnet brings courage, joy and life force. A confidence stone, garnet is associated with the power of willpower, success and renewed self-confidence.

January Stone : Garnet

Read more about January’s stone: Garnet

February Stone : Amethyst

Month : February
Symbols : Clairvoyance, Wholeness, Honesty
Traditions : Amethyst was used to calm anxieties and protect against nightmares.

Description : February’s birthstone, amethyst offers all the virtues associated with Crown Chakra. It stimulates creativity while bringing clarity and imagination. Amethyst also plays a very important role in concentration.

February Stone : Amethyst

Find out more about February’s stone : Amethyst

March Stone : Aquamarine

Month : March
Symbols : Calm, Serenity
Traditions : Aquamarine protected sailors from the wrath of Poseidon during their ocean voyages.

Description : March’s Birthstone, aquamarine is perfect at promoting communication with others and more generally, for calming. In addition, it is recommended for bringing love whilst fostering expressiveness.

March Stone : Aquamarine

Find out more about March’s Stone : Aquamarine

April Stone : Diamond

Month : April
Symbols :Courage, Strength
Traditions :Diamond was worn by Indian warriors to protect themselves from danger.

Description : April’s birthstone, diamond is the perfect mineral for the 7th chakra and offers attachment to cosmic forces. Its symbolism allows you to discover the subtle energies that pass through the universe.

April Stone : Diamond

Find out more about April’s stone : Diamond

May Stone : Emerald

Month : May
Symbols : Protection
Traditions : Emerald was used by sailors and travellers to protect themselves from danger.

Description : May’s Birthstone, emerald contributes to healthy relations, whether familial or marital. This stone brings honesty, inner calm and understanding.

May Stone : Emerald

Find out more about March’s Stone : Emerald

June Stone : Moonstone

Month : June
Symbols : Femininity, Marriage
Traditions : Moonstone was used in ancient Greece as a medicine and for marriages.

Description : June’s Birthstone, moonstone brings great happiness, primarily linked to love for one’s family or child. This stone works on the astral and mental bodies whilst regulating emotions.

June Stone : Moonstone

Find out more about June’s stone : Moonstone

July Stone : Ruby

Month : July
Symbols : Divine love, courage, loyalty
Traditions :Ruby embodied inner fire for Indians and helped to dispel anger.

Description : July’s Birthstone, ruby offers invigorating and disinfectant properties to the wearer. A stone of courage and loyalty, ruby is a stone of life that is closely associated with the Root Chakra and the Heart Chakra.

July Stone : Ruby

Find out more about July’s stone : Ruby

August Stone : Peridot

Month : August
Symbols : Joy, inner peace
Traditions :Peridot brings balance, joy and inner calming.

Description : August’s Birthstone, peridot offers self-confidence whilst strengthening the mind. Bringing inner peace, this stone helps to remove guilt and contains a great amount of spiritual power.

August Stone : Peridot

Find out more about August’s stone : Peridot

September Stone : Sapphire

Month : September
Symbols : Loyalty, truth
Traditions : Sapphire protects from negative energy and evil spirits.

Description : September’s Birthstone, sapphire promotes spiritual elevation but also contemplation. It calms fears whilst promoting vitality. Sapphire offers concentration and creativity.

September Stone : Sapphire

Find out more about September’s stone : Sapphire

October Stone : Tourmaline

Month : October
Symbols : Immortality
Traditions : Tourmaline develops concentration, self-confidence and soothes.

Description : October’s Birthstone, tourmaline is a great emotional comfort. It helps to repair all pains of the heart, especially those that date back to childhood. Tourmaline dissipates destructive patterns.

October Stone : Pink Tourmaline

Find out more about October’s stone : pink Tourmaline

November Stone : Citrine

Month : November
Symbols : Joy
Traditions :Citrine is used to protect from harmful thoughts and snake venom.

Description : November’s Birthstone, citrine brings you success, joy and abundance. A stone of energy balance, citrine promotes concentration and helps to purify and eliminate negative energies.

November Stone : Citrine

Find out more about November’s Stone :Citrine

December Stone : Topaz

Month : December
Symbols : Loyalty, Joy
Traditions : Topaz brings courage whilst warding off curses.

Description : December’s Birthstone, topaz comes in different colours: blue, pink, yellow, green, red, purple but also colourless. It is known for its throat virtues and helps the wearer to communicate.

December Stone : Topaz

Find out more about December’s stone : Topaz
Cristaux, Minéraux et Pierres Naturelles


The majority of stones contain monocrystals. Coral, bone and even pearls can be used to obtain gemstones. There are three stone categories: gemstones, semiprecious stones and ornamental stones. Each of these stones bear a distinct feature. All stones with an opaque and clear appearance are considered ornamental stones. As for semiprecious and precious stones, they have a more transparent appearance. The difference between the two is in terms of durability and beauty.

The concept that each month of the year corresponds to a type of stone was certainly inspired by Aaron in the Bible. His breastplate contained 12 stones that corresponded to the 12 months of the year. This tradition was finally established in 1560 in Germany, when a stone was associated with the birth of a child. It was transformed and worn in the form of a pendant or ring. However, it is only recently that Birthstones have begun to be worn again even though this tradition has existed since the time of Aaron’s breastplate. It is a religious accompaniment reserved for Jewish priests during ceremonies. The 12 stones that were visible on the garment actually represented the 12 tribes of Israel, and the 12 signs of the zodiac, as well as the 12 months of the year.

It is not easy to identify stones of the same colour, which explains the fact that gemstones have still not been categorised according to their mineral type. Moreover, identical coloured stones were grouped under the same name, making it difficult to identify the stones that Aaron was wearing. Today, several lists of birthstones are available depending on the time and place where they were compiled.

First Official List of Birthstones Established in 1912

In 1912, the American National Jewelry Association (‘Jewellers of America’) established the first gemstone list. Later, a list was compiled in 1952 by the Council of the Jewellery Industry, and was updated in 2002 by the American Gemstone Trade Association. This list can be viewed below. Birthstones are assigned to children depending on the date of birth. It should also be noted that in the past, each stone corresponded to one month of the year. According to some beliefs, the power of birthstones increases as the days pass during the month in which they were assigned. It then becomes easier for lovers to acquire all types of gemstones, which will support them all year round.

Man’s interest in precious and semi-precious stones does not date from this period. It is a fact that goes back many years. Ancient peoples had always believed that gemstones were endowed with power and magic. In the past, each stone was attributed different powers and abilities. In medieval times, there were even stories written on birthstones. These written texts were referred to as ’lapidaries’. The writings were scientific for some and symbolic for others. However, all the writings highlighted the virtues and magical powers of the stones.

For the majority of Christian lapidaries, the 12 stones on Aaron’s breastplate simply corresponded to the 12 tribes of Israel and the 12 zodiac signs. It is precisely around this mythical breastplate that the Western tradition of birthstones was created. In the Middle Ages, little was known about gemstones. In addition, the identification of stones was based on colours. It was in 1912 that the American National Association of Jewellers established regulations following the discovery of new precious and semi-precious stones.

As the years passed, less and less importance was given to the meaning of gemstones. However, wearing a birthstone has always been symbolic. Regardless of the value of the stone associated with a month of the year, all birthstones have a history that gives each one a unique value.

January Stone: Garnet

Garnet has been associated with January since medieval times. It displays a red that evokes blood. It is associated with power over blood-related disorders. According to some accounts, it also has the power to protect against snake bites and nightmares.

February Stone: Amethyst

Amethyst was worn by the Romans to protect against alcohol intoxication. It symbolises peace and tranquillity. The stone is recognisable by its purple. It is also used to refine skin texture and to prevent hair loss.

March Stone: Aquamarine

Aquamarine is associated with March and the sea for its crystalline colour. This is why it is commonly worn by sailors and fishermen as an amulet to protect themselves from unforeseen situations of the sea. In addition, the stone symbolises youth and hope.

April Stone: Diamond

Diamond gradually replaced sapphire to become April’s birthstone. It is the symbol of love. There is a reason that we wear diamond rings during bridal ceremonies. Diamonds are also associated with peace and holiness.

May Stone: Emerald

Emerald is May’s birthstone, to which we associate a lasting youth. This stone is said to protect against vision problems. It is often given to children. The elderly also wear it as it brings wisdom and success to the wearer.

June Stone: Moonstone

June’s stone is moonstone. It comes in silvery white with bluish, reddish beige and yellow-green hues. It is considered the stone of reproduction and love. Those who are non-fertile wear it in the hope of procreation. It also prevents indigestion and pain due to menstrual periods.

July Stone: Ruby

Ruby, July’s birthstone displays an intense red colour. It is a stone that attracts luck to the wearer. Ruby is also credited with the power to protect against harm and evil spirits. It was worn by the Chinese, especially warriors, who hung them on their shields to dominate their opponents. Today, it is used to celebrate love.

August Stone: Peridot

Peridot corresponds to August. Egyptians consider it the stone of the sun. This stone is recognised by its olive-green colour. It is among the most commonly used stones of the past. Even today, this birthstone has lost none of its value. Peridot provides strength, which is why some wore it to defeat their enemies. It also helps to prevent breathing dysfunctions.

September Stone: Sapphire

Blue sapphire is considered September’s Birthstone. In fact, there are actually several colour varieties of sapphire. Associated with heaven, this birthstone embodies peace and well-being. Its virtues don’t stop there. It also symbolises holiness, wisdom, loyalty and faith.

October Stone: Tourmaline

Pink tourmaline corresponds to October. It is a pledge of true and sincere love for the wearer. It is also considered to be the stone of poets, writers, and artists. It fosters creativity and stimulates imagination.

November Stone: Citrine

Citrine is associated with November; it brings energy and tonicity to the wearer. It also symbolises joy and happiness. Citrine resembles the sun with its yellow-orange colour. It is worn by those who seek success in every way. It is also said that citrine allows you to live in opulence as it brings prosperity. It dispels all negative energies that can plunge the wearer into misery. It is highly prized for its ability to improve mental clarity. It also promotes contemplation and allows you to gain self-confidence.

December Stone: Topaz

Topaz is a blue stone that corresponds to December. It shines and is known for its ability to cool objects. It symbolises love, friendship and honesty. It is also used for its personality effects, as it allows the wearer to have confidence in themselves in the face of trials.

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