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Choose your virtues and find the stone you need...

Whether physical, mental or emotional, find them all thanks to our guide: the minerals you need !

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Originally named « red-violet adamandin feldspar », this mineral was discovered in 1789, on granite rock samples from Imbert, located near Montbrison in the Forez region, by a French mineralogist and crystallographer named Jacques Louis de Bournon. In 1798, Jean-Claude Delamétherie, an 18th-century French naturalist, mineralogist, geologist and paleontologist, believed that the samples came from Andalusia in southern Spain.


Antimony stone takes its name from two ancient Greek words. One is “anti” which can be translated as “opposite of”, and the other is, “monos” meaning “alone”. This origin is further confirmed by ancient beliefs that such a metal never occurs alone. However, purists of the ancient Greek language regularly point out that the term “anti” actually has various translations depending on the context (opposite, in exchange, in turn, equivalent to, against, and many other meanings!).
apatite stone


Apatite is a stone that comes in many shapes and colours. Many confuse it with topaz, beryl and olivine. This type of stone sometimes takes the form of tourmalines and other calcines. It is difficult to recognise due to its resemblance to a large variety of stones.

Auralite 23

The formation of auralite 23 is believed to date back about 1.2 billion years ago, when oxygen appeared in the atmosphere and multicellular species began to develop. The appearance of this stone would be the result of the collision of meteorites, when they struck amethyst deposits during the Meso-proterozoic period.
pierre apatite bleue

Blue Apatite

Apatite has many varieties of different shades such as blue, green, yellow… Blue and green apatite are the most common varieties while the yellow one is rare. Blue apatite was discovered quite recently and no legends and historical use have been associated with it. Pedro Francisco Davila was the first naturalist to publish a book about blue apatite in 1767, which describes the stone as a “phosphoric” one.
pierre saphir bleu

Blue Sapphire

Blue sapphire is a precious stone like ruby, diamond and emerald. The stone can take on almost any shade such as yellow, green, transparent, white or pink, but it is mainly known for its blue hues. Similar to ruby and diamond, the price of blue sapphire is determined by the 4 Cs (Carat, Cut, Clarity and Colour).


The chemical composition of cavansite stone is easy to remember: the first syllable, ca, refers to calcium, van to vanadium and site to silicon. Deposits of this rock have been found in India, New Zealand, and Brazil, but it was discovered in 1960 in the United States, in the state of Oregon, by a couple on a hike.


Identified in 1725 by Henckel, chalcopyrite stone takes its name from the Greek word “Chalco”, which describes pyrite and copper. However, if you study its structure, you can see that it looks rather like sphalerite. For large deposits, you should know that they come from a hydrothermal origin.
chrysanthenum stone


Chrysanthemum rock, also termed xenotime, is a precious mineral, highly prized in Japanese and Asian culture. Indeed, it stands out strongly by its aesthetic and decorative aspects. It has existed for around 250 million years.
chrysoprase stone


A gem often used for its many virtues, chrysoprase stone is considered a love stone and is associated with the heart chakra. It is a natural remedy against insomnia and was used to detect poison, making this a very versatile stone. Whether you are interested in its energetic virtues or simply its aesthetics, here is everything you need to know about chrysoprase stone and its virtues.


For thousands of years, the intense red of the grain of cinnabar stone (mineral) captivated people who found many uses for it, such as the creation of artistic works or medicinal substances. It is a rare stone, used in alchemy, which gave it various properties, and therefore different uses.


Theophrastus, Aristotle’s successor, was the first to take an interest in coral stone which he considered to be a petrified plant. Until the 17th century, the stone is perceived as a strange underwater shrub whose milky sap was observed in 1613 by a gentleman from Lyon.


First of all, the history of this rock goes back to antiquity. Although there is no explicit information dealing with it, it would seem to have been used by the faithful in the worship of Athena, the Greek goddess of War and Wisdom. It would then have been used by the Vikings to orient them when the sky was overcast.
pierre corindon


The famous mineralogist John Woodward first described this mineral in 1725 as corinvindum. This name is derived from kurund, the Hindi name for the mineral, which in turn originates from the Tamil term kuruntam, meaning red stone. Throughout history, many personalities have been fascinated by the beauty of these minerals. Louis XIV, who had an undisguised taste for anything blue, chose one as one of the main pieces for the crown jewels.

Desert rose stone

This stone’s origin is related to the legend of a sultan nicknamed “Ben” who searched for the gates of the sand palace. Ben has been walking for days in the desert, under a blazing sun. Thirsty and exhausted, he ends up in the middle of a sandstorm that makes him lose consciousness.
pierrre dumortierite


Born in the Lyon region in 1801, Eugène Dumortier, a renowned palaeontologist, is the one who gave his name to dumortierite stone. Before being discovered by the palaeontologist and called dumortierite, this mineral had already been found and was known to the world of mineral specialists.


Coming from the Greek enstates meaning « opponent », enstatite stone, first described in 1855 by Gustav Adolf Kenngott, a German mineralogist, takes its name from its infusibility (its resistance to the action of fire), a name recognized by the IMA (International Mineralogical Association).

Eye of Saint Lucia

The Eye of Saint Lucia stone’s history begins with a legend that appeared in the 4th century: Lucy, a young girl of nobility, thanks to her many prayers to the Virgin Mary, managed to procure the miraculous recovery of her mother who was suffering from an incurable disease. They prayed for healing at the tomb of St. Agatha.

Fire Opal

Fire opal is a mineral considered as a precious stone, with a very particular dimension for the Roman civilization. Its origin would come from the Sanskrit name “upala”, then was nicknamed Pandora or Empress, in honour of the fire opal called the “fire of Troy”, in homage to the gift received by Empress Josephine from Napoleon I.


This is the object that automatically comes to mind when we think about Prehistory! The reason is that it is an exceptional piece of our history. It gave birth to the first tools about 2.3 million years ago. It is an extremely weatherproof stone often found in the form of pebbles, slabs or very thick flags along streams and beaches.
garnet stone


Used for millennia and over the centuries in jewellery, garnet stone once bore the name ‘Red gem’, from the Latin ‘malum granatum’, a grain fruit closely resembling the colour of pomegranate. The Romans named it ‘carbuncle’, meaning ‘little spark’. Its presence in various religious texts demonstrates the importance of the garnet Stone’s symbolism: in the Bible it is a lantern to enlighten Noah in the midst of darkness and the term ‘little spark’ is used in the evocation of the fourth heaven in the Koran.
pierre pépite d'or

Gold Nugget

In 1839, the German-born Swiss merchant Johann August Sutter moved to California and established an agricultural complex on the most fertile hills of the Sacramento Valley. As his farm grew, Sutter decided to build a sawmill in 1848.


Hypersthene is a common name derived from ancient Greek. Etymologically, “hyper” means “over”. Sthenos refers to strength, power and endurance. Since 1988, the IMA (International Mineralogical Association) has discredited this name.
pierre hypersthene


Hypersthene is a common name derived from ancient Greek. Etymologically, “hyper” means “over”. Sthenos refers to strength, power and endurance. Since 1988, the IMA (International Mineralogical Association) has discredited this name.
iolite cordierite stone


Iolite, or cordierite, is a stone that belongs to the silicate family. It contains high quantities of magnesium, silicate and aluminium. It is a photo-reactive rock that cannot be dissolved in water or acid and is fire-resistant.

Landscape Jasper

Landscape Jasper stone is distinguished by its brown colour, which can show superimposed or intertwined striations of different tones. Landscape jasper is also called picture jasper, scenic jasper or Kalahari Desert jasper because of its sandy colour which suggests ancient landscapes.


Lepidolite stone is highly valued in lithotherapy. It is highly recommended to learn about its origin and history to better understand the importance people attach to it. Symbolising calmness, serenity and concentration, it offers physical and psychological advantages.
pierre marcassite


Dubbed “the gold of fools”, it has a metallic lustre reminiscent of gold. Its name comes from the word “marqachita” in ancient Arabic, a word later derived from “marchasita” (Medieval Latin), which at the time referred to all pyrite minerals. If it was once possible to confuse it with the precious metal, this is no longer the case today.


In Aboriginal language, the word “mookaïte” means “white water”. Mokaite stone was named after Mooka Creek, the place where it was discovered. This mineral is known by various names such as: Windalia radiolarite, mookite, mookalite, mookerite, moakite, moukalite and Moukaite.


The history of moonstone is very important when one knows the attraction and fascination of the moon for ancestors. Indeed, they saw great resemblance of moonstone to moonlight.

Moss Agate

In many cultures and civilizations, Moss Agate stone is a sign of soil fertility. Bringing good omens, close to nature, it extends its great generosity to the earth. This closeness to breeding ground is probably due to the crystallization of moss, its particular, fibrous and vegetal veining. It is the friend of gardeners and farmers. The great Athena owes its stability and balance to Moss Agate.

Native Gold

Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au and atomic number 79. Its symbol corresponds to the first two letters of the Latin word “aurum”. Native gold Native gold is considered to be a precious or noble stone, with a “golden yellow” colour.
onyx stone


Researchers discovered bowls in Egypt carved entirely from onyx dating back to the second dynasty. In Crete, during the Minoan period, sardonyx was frequently used, particularly in the Palace of Cnossos.
pietersite stone


Discovered in 1962, this mineral is composed of a mixture of falcon’s eye, tiger’s eye, and crocidolite. It is named after Sidney Pieters, the man who discovered it. An amphibole very similar to Pietersite can be naturally found In China’s Hunan Region.
porphyry stone


Porphyry is available in different colours. Nevertheless, the purple one is mostly known and historically raised it to its actual prestige. During Pharaonic Egypt times, it would seem that it was unused and unknown. That said, other similar stones were used in Predynastic Egypt for making vases, but it would seem that this ceased afterwards.

Red Jasper

There are many varieties of jasper that have been used throughout human history. This mineral has been used to decorate and ornament sculptures, vases, pavements, fireplaces, and many other objects. Once polished or cut, it is used as a gem to decorate jewellery such as bracelets or necklaces.
rhodochrosite stone


Discovered in the 13th century in Argentina during the pre-Columbian era, this stone takes its name from the ancient Greek ‘rhodon’ meaning pink and khroma meaning colour.


An age-old exploited mineral, the history and traditional use of rhyolite stone are however little known. Rhyolite belongs to the group of granites, magmatic plutonic rocks with a grained texture, rich in quartz, potassium feldspars (orthoses), plagioclases and micas (biotites or muscovites).
ruby stone


Its name comes from the Latin ‘Ruber’, the etymological root of ‘Red’. Before the development of scientific gemology in the 18th century, many reddish gems were incorrectly identified.

Rutile Quartz

In 1803, Abraham Gottlob Werner, a German mineralogist and geologist, first described Rutile, whose name is derived from the Latin « Rutilus », meaning red. Indeed, some specimens are characterized by an intense red colour due to the titanium that composes it.


The word sapphire comes from the Greek “sappheiros” meaning “blue.” Greeks and Romans used sapphires from Sri Lanka in fifth century B.C. Egyptians worshipped and regarded sapphire stone as sacred and as a bearer of justice and truth whilst Persians believed that the blue of the sky was the result of its reflections.


Also called « Chlorite jade » because of its green colour, seraphinite stone is a strangely beautiful mineral of the chlorite family. This extraordinary stone was only recently discovered by a renowned Russian mineralogist and crystallographer: Nikolai Ivanovich Koksharov (1818-1892).

Smoky Quartz

Clairvoyants and fortune-tellers were very inspired by this type of quartz, especially in the 19th century. They have a preference for this stone because, unlike clear rock crystal, smoky quartz stone prevented lay persons from accessing the mysteries of their crystal balls.
sodalite stone


Sunstone has always fascinated throughout the ages. It has been appreciated for many properties related to its warm orange colour. In ancient times, this shiny orange quartz was considered to have magical virtues.


The first written record referring to stibine stone dates back to the year 77 in the writings of Pliny the Elder. It was only much later that François Sulpice Beudant introduced the term stibine, based on the Greek « Stibi ».
pierre stromatolite


These fossilised rocks date back to 3.42 billion years ago, when the moon was closer to Earth (333,150 km for 384,400 km today) and when it rotated faster with days lasting only 18 hours. Due to these two phenomena, tides were higher, with an average tidal range of 25 metres, consequently expanding foreshores.
tiger's eye stone

Tiger’s Eye

Under the Roman Empire, tiger’s eye stone was used by warriors and soldiers to protect themselves in battle. Later in the Middle Ages, tiger’s eye was worn as a pendant to break spells and ward off evil spirits.

Find the stone that really suits you !

As you may have noticed by browsing through the different pages of France Minéraux, there are hundreds of different stones, each with its own aspects and virtues. To help you make your choice, here is a guide that lists the main characteristics of the 213 stones available at France Minéraux. To go further in your learning of lithotherapy, do not hesitate to go to the "Books" category of our shop. You will find encyclopedias, guides, dictionaries and small paperbacks to help you discover the meaning of stones.

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