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Choose your virtues and find the stone you need...

Whether physical, mental or emotional, find them all thanks to our guide: the minerals you need !

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agate stone

Agate

What is known today as agate stone comes from the Achates River in Sicily. In the ancient period, several civilisations (such as the Celts, the Mesopotamians, the Egyptians, etc…) exploited this stone for its properties but also for its natural beauty.

Antimony

Antimony stone takes its name from two ancient Greek words. One is “anti” which can be translated as “opposite of”, and the other is, “monos” meaning “alone”. This origin is further confirmed by ancient beliefs that such a metal never occurs alone. However, purists of the ancient Greek language regularly point out that the term “anti” actually has various translations depending on the context (opposite, in exchange, in turn, equivalent to, against, and many other meanings!).

Beryl

Beryl stone has been known since ancient times. Its name was first mentioned in the year A.D. 77 in Pliny’s Natural History. Etymologically, the Latin name “beryllus”, is derived from the ancient Greek “beryllos”, literally translated “colour of sea water”. In ancient Rome, this stone was used to make certain objects, such as magnifying glasses.
pierre saphir bleu

Blue Sapphire

Blue sapphire is a precious stone like ruby, diamond and emerald. The stone can take on almost any shade such as yellow, green, transparent, white or pink, but it is mainly known for its blue hues. Similar to ruby and diamond, the price of blue sapphire is determined by the 4 Cs (Carat, Cut, Clarity and Colour).
pierre oeil de boeuf

Bull’s Eye

Bull’s eye derives its name from its special shimmering appearance. Already present in Ancient Greece, it was associated with the Minotaur’s gaze. This connection with the son of Minos, imprisoned in the labyrinth of Daedalus, confers the stone an aura of physical power, impetuosity and a certain ferocity. Roman legionaries took it with them to battle in the form of a talisman.
bull's eye stone

Bull’s Eye

According to Indian beliefs, bull’s eye stone offers success in trade and also longevity. It can treat asthma, sore throats and inflammation. Indians wore bull’s eye pendants to better communicate with the parallel world. This stone also represents the last flicker of hope when things fall apart.

Cat’s Eye Chrysoberyl

Cat’s Eye Chrysoberyl, formerly known as « cymophane » meaning waving light, was first described by the German geologist and mineralogist Abraham Gottlob Werner in 1790 as krisoberil meaning golden beryl which comes from « berullos » (beryl) » and « khrusos » (gold).

Cavansite

The chemical composition of cavansite stone is easy to remember: the first syllable, ca, refers to calcium, van to vanadium and site to silicon. Deposits of this rock have been found in India, New Zealand, and Brazil, but it was discovered in 1960 in the United States, in the state of Oregon, by a couple on a hike.
chrysoprase stone

Chrysoprase

A gem often used for its many virtues, chrysoprase stone is considered a love stone and is associated with the heart chakra. It is a natural remedy against insomnia and was used to detect poison, making this a very versatile stone. Whether you are interested in its energetic virtues or simply its aesthetics, here is everything you need to know about chrysoprase stone and its virtues.

Cinnabar

For thousands of years, the intense red of the grain of cinnabar stone (mineral) captivated people who found many uses for it, such as the creation of artistic works or medicinal substances. It is a rare stone, used in alchemy, which gave it various properties, and therefore different uses.
pierre conglomérat

Conglomerate

Conglomerate is a detrital rock. In other words, it has been created from the breakdown of other rocks. These pieces of rock have been cemented together naturally. To claim to have belonged to a rock, the discernible piece must be larger than 2mm. Conglomerates are thought to be sedimentary in nature, but it is not excluded that they may be of active volcanic origin.
pierre corindon

Corundum

The famous mineralogist John Woodward first described this mineral in 1725 as corinvindum. This name is derived from kurund, the Hindi name for the mineral, which in turn originates from the Tamil term kuruntam, meaning red stone. Throughout history, many personalities have been fascinated by the beauty of these minerals. Louis XIV, who had an undisguised taste for anything blue, chose one as one of the main pieces for the crown jewels.

Eclogite

Eclogite stone is a metamorphic rock formed in facies having undergone certain temperatures and pressure conditions. Its name was given by Abbot Haüy in 1822 and comes from the Greek word « eklogê ». Eskola is defined as metamorphic facies on rocks from basic protoliths.

Enstatite

Coming from the Greek enstates meaning « opponent », enstatite stone, first described in 1855 by Gustav Adolf Kenngott, a German mineralogist, takes its name from its infusibility (its resistance to the action of fire), a name recognized by the IMA (International Mineralogical Association).

Epidote

Originally, epidote stone was discovered by René Just Haüt in 1801. It comes from the Greek name “episodis”, which means increase or addition. It was discovered in 1874 in the southern United States, in the Unaka Mountains from which its name is also derived.
pierre-oeil-de-sainte-lucie

Eye of Saint Lucia

The Eye of Saint Lucia stone’s history begins with a legend that appeared in the 4th century: Lucy, a young girl of nobility, thanks to her many prayers to the Virgin Mary, managed to procure the miraculous recovery of her mother who was suffering from an incurable disease. They prayed for healing at the tomb of St. Agatha.

Flint

This is the object that automatically comes to mind when we think about Prehistory! The reason is that it is an exceptional piece of our history. It gave birth to the first tools about 2.3 million years ago. It is an extremely weatherproof stone often found in the form of pebbles, slabs or very thick flags along streams and beaches.

Fuchsite

Fuchsite stone belongs to the Muscovite family, which derives from the Latin translation of “vitrum muscoviticum” (Moscow glass). This name was used as early as 1794 by Johann Gottfried Schmeisser (1767-1837), a German pharmacist and mineralogist, in his book “Mineralogical System”.
garnet stone

Garnet

Used for millennia and over the centuries in jewellery, garnet stone once bore the name ‘Red gem’, from the Latin ‘malum granatum’, a grain fruit closely resembling the colour of pomegranate. The Romans named it ‘carbuncle’, meaning ‘little spark’. Its presence in various religious texts demonstrates the importance of the garnet Stone’s symbolism: in the Bible it is a lantern to enlighten Noah in the midst of darkness and the term ‘little spark’ is used in the evocation of the fourth heaven in the Koran.

Heliodore

It takes its name from the Greek “helios”, which means sun, with respect to its beautiful golden-yellow colour, for the prettiest specimens, the others being rather orange and even having a green glow. It was discovered in Namibia in 1910 in the same rocks (pegmatites) where aquamarines were found.

Hessonite

Hypersthene is a common name derived from ancient Greek. Etymologically, “hyper” means “over”. Sthenos refers to strength, power and endurance. Since 1988, the IMA (International Mineralogical Association) has discredited this name.
jasper stone

Jasper

From the Greek ‘iaspis’ and the Latin ‘jaspidem’, Jasper stone means speckled or spotted stone. In prehistoric times, this stone was used for crafting tools. In France, jasper tools are still being unearthed in Britanny and Fontmaure.
pierre marbre

Marble

Marble was named resplendent stone for its light by the Greeks. Characterised by its very firm and dense rock, it was used very early on for the art of sculpture. Used by the most meticulous masters, marble was for a long time confused with other minerals intended for sculpture. The material was used to create funerary idols as early as the civilisation of the Cyclades. In the Neolithic era, in the 3rd millennium BC, the Cycladic idol (a statuette) spread throughout the Aegean islands.

Meteorite

Muscovite is the most common natural stone of the mica family. Described in 1850 by the mineralogist James Wight Dana, it is composed mainly of potassium and aluminium. Its name comes from its use in Russia, where it was used instead of glass in certain fields, hence “Moscow glass” (translated from vitrum muscoviticum).

Mokaïte

In Aboriginal language, the word “mookaïte” means “white water”. Mokaite stone was named after Mooka Creek, the place where it was discovered. This mineral is known by various names such as: Windalia radiolarite, mookite, mookalite, mookerite, moakite, moukalite and Moukaite.
Pierre Préhnite

Prehnite

White quartz, also known as “milky quartz”, has always been particularly appreciated by jewellers. Since the 19th century, there has been a great demand for this stone. For instance, fortune-tellers used crystal balls. In addition, white quartz symbolised eternity throughout Antiquity.

Red Jasper

There are many varieties of jasper that have been used throughout human history. This mineral has been used to decorate and ornament sculptures, vases, pavements, fireplaces, and many other objects. Once polished or cut, it is used as a gem to decorate jewellery such as bracelets or necklaces.

Rhyolite

An age-old exploited mineral, the history and traditional use of rhyolite stone are however little known. Rhyolite belongs to the group of granites, magmatic plutonic rocks with a grained texture, rich in quartz, potassium feldspars (orthoses), plagioclases and micas (biotites or muscovites).
ruby stone

Ruby

Its name comes from the Latin ‘Ruber’, the etymological root of ‘Red’. Before the development of scientific gemology in the 18th century, many reddish gems were incorrectly identified.

Sapphire

The word sapphire comes from the Greek “sappheiros” meaning “blue.” Greeks and Romans used sapphires from Sri Lanka in fifth century B.C. Egyptians worshipped and regarded sapphire stone as sacred and as a bearer of justice and truth whilst Persians believed that the blue of the sky was the result of its reflections.
serpentine stone

Serpentine

Also called ophite or ophiolite, serpentine stone is often difficult to identify as it comes in many colours and varieties: it is commonly found in olive but also exists in red, light green, forest green, yellow, black and white.

Stibine

The first written record referring to stibine stone dates back to the year 77 in the writings of Pliny the Elder. It was only much later that François Sulpice Beudant introduced the term stibine, based on the Greek « Stibi ».

Sugilite

This mineral has a short history as it was only discovered in the 20th century. Sugilite stone owes its name to Sugi Kenichi (1901-1948) who first described it in 1944. This Japanese geologist and petrologist identified it in an intrusion of aegyrine and syenite located on Iwagi Islet near Kyoto, Japan.
pierre vésuvianite

Vesuvianite

Vesuvianite owes its name to the Vesuvius volcano, which is located in Naples, Italy, where it was first discovered. It was identified in 1795 by the German gemmologist Abraham Gottlob Werner. In 1801, it was named “idocrase”, which means mixed shapes, because this mineral can occur in massive, compact and even granular aspects.

Find the stone that really suits you !

As you may have noticed by browsing through the different pages of France Minéraux, there are hundreds of different stones, each with its own aspects and virtues. To help you make your choice, here is a guide that lists the main characteristics of the 213 stones available at France Minéraux. To go further in your learning of lithotherapy, do not hesitate to go to the "Books" category of our shop. You will find encyclopedias, guides, dictionaries and small paperbacks to help you discover the meaning of stones.

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