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Antimony Stone

ANTIMONY STONE CHARACTERISTICS

  • Origin of the name: Derived from « anti monos » which means « not alone ».
  • Chemical composition: Antimony sulphide, Sb2S3
  • Hardness: 2
  • Crystal System: Orthorhombic
  • Deposits: Germany, China, France, Italy, Japan, Romania.
  • CColours: Grey, black.

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ANTIMONY STONE: ITS HISTORY, ORIGIN AND COMPOSITION, AND ITS LITHOTHERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES AND VIRTUES

HISTORY OF ANTIMONY STONE

Antimony stone takes its name from two ancient Greek words. One is “anti” which can be translated as “opposite of”, and the other is, “monos” meaning “alone”. This origin is further confirmed by ancient beliefs that such a metal never occurs alone. However, purists of the ancient Greek language regularly point out that the term “anti” actually has various translations depending on the context (opposite, in exchange, in turn, equivalent to, against, and many other meanings!). In any case, it never refers to a simple negation. Historically speaking, its discovery can be traced back to the fourth millennium BC. The Babylonians were the first to fully exploit it. For example, research has led to the emergence of a vase dating back at least four thousand years BC. The Egyptians used it to make copper water containers. They called it “mśdmt” (pronounced “mesdemet”). A little later, it will be the turn of Middle Ages alchemists to use it.

Of course, the Latins also used the benefits of antimony stone. In the 1st century AD, Celse and Pliny the Elder called it “stibium”, which will be translated by “sign” or “marking”. However, this term introduced at the same time the notion of masculine and feminine and thus a distinction. Indeed, stibium was associated with the masculine side and appeared inferior to its feminine counterpart, represented by the stone in its natural state.

As for the term’s Medieval Latin form (i.e., antimonium), it was actually adopted around the year 1050. It must be admitted that linguists find it difficult to fully explain its origin. Some do, however, put forward the hypothesis of an Arab-Persian influence. Their arguments are partly based on the discovery of documents written at the end of the 11th century and using this Latin version of the word. These include medical treatises attributed to Constantine the African. According to this hypothesis, “antimonium” sis derived from one or more words that could be translated as “the brilliant”, thus recalling the appearance of the stone.

To get further away from the seriousness of historical research and to conclude on etymology, let us finally evoke the legend that surrounds this term. It is said to have originated from a mysterious series of deaths of several monks during the Middle Ages. A French alchemist named Basile Valentin (also a pupil of the Swiss physician, philosopher and lay theologian, Paracelsus) was accused of it. Without any real knowledge of whether his intentions were harmful or not, this man regularly gave the residues of his experiments to his pigs in order to feed them. One day they would have contained fragments of the stone which would have made the animals unfit for consumption. Unfortunately for them, the monks of the nearby community ate them.

ORIGIN AND COMPOSITION OF ANTIMONY STONE

Belonging to the pnictogene family, antimony stone is represented, in chemistry, by the symbol Sb (thus recalling stibine, an antimony body) and its atomic number is 51. Weakly electropositive (its electronegativity, according to Pauling, is 1.9, while that established by As is very close to 2), it can be qualified as a metalloid of the fifth main group of the periodic table. This means that it has characteristics close to those of other metals, but also properties specific to non-metals. A parallel is often drawn with arsenic, since the two elements share a lot of similarities. For example, both are toxic and carcinogenic. Moreover, man has been associating them for many years, particularly in the manufacture of lead-based bullets for rifles. The latter can therefore be described as “antimonated”, which can be used for any material composed (alloy or not) of this element, whether completely or partially.

Man has been using its benefits since its discovery in Antiquity. This period was particularly rich in the discovery of metals and other chemical compounds. Sulphur in powder form, for example, was widely used. Easily identifiable in its natural state thanks to its silver-grey colour, it could be associated with other materials, thus enabling it to boost its effectiveness while finding a wide range of uses for it. For example, its metallic alloy with lead, mentioned above, gives it even greater hardness and resistance to weather, fire and corrosion.

SOn a similar principle, it is transformed into oxides (better known under the name and chemical designation Sb2O3 or Sb2O5) and then one or the other of these oxides is combined with halogens. The resulting product then has fire retardant (fire-resistant) properties and becomes a true stabilizer against heat. The product has practical applications in plastics, rubber, textiles, paints and the production of crucibles (behind this name is a small metal container made of refractory material for melting or calcining substances). However, it should be noted that such a product is toxic. Therefore, its use must be done according to a strict framework (like others such as sulphur powder or mercury), which partly hinders the development of this material in the industrial environment. Finally, some historical research has shown that this metal played a major role in the development of printing by facilitating the manufacture of crucibles used to design the various typefaces. Today, the primary market for antimony stone remains the production of lead batteries. It is thus used to extend the life of electrodes. Research is currently being carried out to integrate it also into batteries, including mercury batteries. To a lesser degree, it is also used in the composition of certain products designed to delay the progression of flames. Although these activities are still limited, the creation of new geotextiles, geomembranes and bottles that can be recycled using this metal should also be added to this list.

It is uncommon to find a vein of antimony stone in its natural state. When such a mineralogical rarity is discovered, the deposit is usually discontinuous and not very large. Indeed, the mineral prefers to creep into fractures or veins and even into replacement bodies. Such a configuration explains why this stone is rarely extracted alone but rather in co-production with a zinc-lead composition for example. Annual requirements are around 150 kt. Among the producing countries, China ranks first with more than half of the world’s reserves, or a vein of approximately 1 Mt. Thailand, Russia, Tajikistan and Bolivia are next in the ranking. France has also long been one of these producers. Until 1992, its national capacity was 130 kt. Potential reserves are still present and distributed among small production sites such as Brioude-Massiac (Cantal), les Brouzils and Rochetréjoux (Vendée), La Lucette, Semnon (Mayenne) and Valcros (Var).

LITHOTHERAPEUTIC VIRTUES AND PROPERTIES OF ANTIMONY STONE

ANTIMONY STONE’S PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS

This stone promotes change and transformation in its wearer. It favourably influences self-confidence while contributing to personal development. Thanks to its energy coming from the Earth, it also has an amplifying power. But be careful! You should define your own objectives before using antimony as a remedy for some of your difficulties. Otherwise, you would risk exposing yourself to the negative effects of this stone. Be sure to keep it in a place protected from humidity. To be on the safe side, it should be placed in a container such as a plate or an empty glass.

The positive aspects will lead the person using this mineral to regain lost or dormant courage. This new force also induces a distancing or even a total rejection of notions such as possession or individualism. Antimony stone rregulates internal frequencies, which then allows you to take full advantage of your full potential. In addition, you will gain in clairvoyance and concentration. You will be able to concentrate fully on the goals you have set for yourself. If you fully master the use of the pendulum, you will be able to check the purity of the stone. In case of favourable results, it will be able to be used to get rid of one or several entities. Finally, you must absolutely know that the stone must not come into contact with water, salt or ammonia, otherwise its virtues and powers will be strongly altered.

ANTIMONY STONE’S PHYSICAL BENEFITS

On the physical and health level, antimony stone is able to act at different levels. First of all, it improves blood circulation and regulates its pressure. The digestive system will also benefit from the stone, especially in the management of pain in this area (infections, oesophagus tension or stomach disorders). Thanks to its high protective power, antimony will effectively support you to better understand the constant changes in your life. Whoever wears such a mineral is therefore equipped with a solid ally that will contribute to his or her well-being. This stone is also able to restore order, to reorganize a situation that may seem chaotic. Therefore, you can use it in total serenity during ceremonies and meditation sessions. Moreover, its action is also beneficial if you are looking for financial savings

In practice, this mineral is also used to establish reliable diagnoses. It allows you to detect the slightest problem in any part of your body. The stone does not only find weaknesses. It also has a protective effect against the constant changes in energy frequencies that our body has to deal with all the time. Be careful for such a use, though! Make sure to bring out all the purifying powers of antimony. For that, we remind you that it is imperative not to apply salt or ammonia crud on it. You should also not immerse it in a glass of water. Finally, to reduce stibine stone to a simple remedy for problems that are detrimental to your health would be a cruel mistake. Indeed, it can also act on the emotional body. In particular, it will be able to eliminate the toxins which are detrimental to its proper functioning. Thanks to this action, you will also feel a positive impact on the quality of your spiritual sessions. Antimony is thus believed to promote understanding with all kinds of entities, including those of animal and plant origin.

ANTIMONY STONE SYMBOLISM

  • Antimony enables perfection achievement in the penultimate stage of the transmutation of the vile metal into gold using the Philosopher’s Stone.
  • Antimony is the symbol of courage as well as protection.

 

ANTIMONY STONE TRADITIONS

  • Egypt: They used antimony powder to make up their eyes and darken their eyelashes
  • Middle Ages: Antimony was the prerogative of alchemists and was named “natural son of Saturn”, “matter of the elders” or “grey wolf of the philosophers”.