As most stones, cyanite stone has different names, the most famous being cyanite (or kyanite) and disthène. The first was given by Abraham Gottlob in 1789. It comes from the Greek “kyanos” (meaning blue, from which the word “cyan” is also derived). This name is recognized by the International Mineralogical Association. The second was given to it by René-Just Haüy in 1801. It derives from the Greek “di” (meaning two) and “destenos” (meaning force) and refers to its electrical effects. This name is the one used mainly in France. This stone has other names, such as blue talc, sappare, laminated beryl, munkrudite or zeolite cyanite.
Because of its low hardness, cyanite stone has been little used for jewellery manufacture. However, some Central Asian cultures design jewellery from this stone, with spectacular results due to its attractive appearance and bright blue colour. But this beauty is ephemeral: it depends entirely on the protection of the mineral against shocks and friction with hard materials, which can heavily damage it, sometimes irreparably. Today, this stone is cut in the shape of rectangular crystals or cabochon for collectors and lovers of beautiful stones. It can be used to decorate earrings, rings and pendants. It is also prized in the form of natural crystals.
Until the 20th century, disthène was often confused with sapphire. Therefore, it does not have a history of its own. However, a handful of legends have been dedicated to it. Some say that it was used as a compass during Antiquity. The method would have consisted in hanging it from a traveller’s hair and taking advantage of its electrical qualities to guide oneself thanks to the Earth’s electromagnetic field. Others say that this stone was used as a base material for the sword of Michael the Archangel.
On the lithotherapeutic level, it has a spiritual aspect and a great energetic dimension, which even affects the chakras. It would bring self-confidence and purification. It would allow faster healing in case of fractures. It is used in industry, especially to make heat-resistant ceramics, but also in art. Its beauty makes this stone a subject of paintings, especially in abstract paintings.
Cyanite stone belongs to the group of aluminium silicates, characteristic of metamorphic rocks. Its chemical formula is Al2SiO5. It often contains traces of various metals, such as iron, chromium, calcium and magnesium (among others). It is rich in pressure aluminium. Due to its triclinic crystal system, it has a scaly fracture, with a white line and a lustre that can be vitreous or pearly. This gives a unique appearance to each stone.
Originally colourless, the blue colour so characteristic of this metamorphic rock is due to the presence of chromiferous. Generally, blue and purple, it is also available in a wide variety of colours with shades of green, yellow, pink, brown, grey, black and white. Its appearance is often transparent or even translucent. It comes in two varieties: chromium cyanite (a chromiferous variety originating from Russia and New Zealand) and rhaeticite (a variety with shades of grey and black).
This natural mineral has an astonishing hardness because it varies according to its elongation direction. Indeed, in the elongation direction, its hardness is 7.5 (Mohs scale) while it is only 4.5 in the perpendicular direction. Its density is between 3.53 and 3.65. Its deposits are located all over the world: in Austria, France, Italy and Switzerland, in North America, Kenya and Zimbabwe, Nepal and Myanmar. The most remarkable are those of Brazil, France, Italy and Nepal.
Cyanite stone would have many benefits on the psychological dimension. It would be endowed with a great energetic power, in particular to transmit and amplify spiritual energy. It would bring balance and purification to the organism, especially following a trauma or a spiritual disorder caused by negative influences and energies. This stone would fight against stress. It would make it possible to find calmly and serenely solutions against the problems which invade the daily life. It would have a calming power on anxieties and fears, even if they are unconscious. It would promote deep and restful sleep, giving the body and mind as much rest as necessary.
Having a great power, this mineral would make it possible to draw on its mental resources in order to be able to better analyze and accept oneself. It would embody self-acceptance and intuition. It would help to meditate and to interpret dreams. A stone of inspiration and creation, it would allow art enthusiasts to express themselves through paintings and to engage in abstract painting. Cyanite beneficially influences three chakras: the Third Eye chakra, the Throat chakra and the Heart chakra. It is intimately linked to four astrological signs: Virgo, Scorpio, Sagittarius and Pisces.
In lithotherapy, cyanite stone is often used to complement medical treatments (but not to replace them, and this is true for all stones), to relieve body ailments and affections. It is said to have a great number of benefits. It would help to lower blood pressure. It would promote healing and convalescence, especially after surgery. It would also be recommended in case of bone pain. Kyanite (or cyanite) would have an antiseptic power, thus making it possible to prevent the infections. It would also make it possible to treat physical traumas.