Jade stone takes its name from the Spanish phrase ‘piedra de ijada’ (loin stone), given to it by Spanish conquistadors at the beginning of the 15th century. From the Latin ‘lapis nephriticus’, jade and nephrite signify the ’flank or kidney area’ in relation to their kidney healing virtues. Indeed, Indians used it to treat kidney pain and kidney stones. According to other beliefs, jade stone wards away harmful entities. Upon a person’s death, a jade cicada was placed in one’s mouth as a symbol of eternal life.
During this period, jade stone was shaped into axes. It was also used in China for the crafting of artistic objects. By owning a jade object or jewel, such as a jade pendant, a Chinese person would hope to gain the dignity of the Empire.
In the East, jade stone represented the Emperor and embodied the powers of the sun, of absolute power. The Emperor possessed a jade sceptre and gave the princes jade tablets according to their hierarchical position. First-rank princes received a tablet displaying two engraved columns. Second-rank princes received a tablet displaying a standing man. Third-rank princes received a tablet displaying a crouched man. Fourth-rank princes received a tablet displaying millet. Fifth-ranked rank men received a tablet displaying a cane leaf.
Today, jade stone is considered a gemstone, i.e. a very hard stone (with its hardness ranging between 6.5 and 7 on the Mohs scale) and is used in the crafting of ornaments and for jewellery such as necklaces, bracelets, etc.
Jade stone appears in two types:
Traditionally called ‘Maya jade’ when it is dark green, jade stone’s green shades can vary. Jade can also be found in white. Commonly known as ‘Jade of the Olmecs’, jade can be blue-green when it is made up of cobalt salts. It may be black when it is made up of titanium salts. It is also can be found in pink when it is made up of manganese and iron salts.
The primary jade deposits are in Myanmar, Canada, China, the United States, Guatemala, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand and Russia.
Mentally, jade stone represents honesty, especially in all aspects of power. It also represents temperance, as one of its primary virtues is to offer tolerance. In this regard, jade offers objectivity in the judgement of others and allows one to boost their level of consciousness.
Justice and morality are strong assets of jade stone but it is equally effective for contemplation, balance and negotiation. Among its other mental virtues, jade reduces guilt and allows us to face reality.
Physically, jade stone prevents fever and migraines. It works directly on the heart chakra and helps to reduce nervousness and anxiety. Jade also works on the third eye chakra by reducing instability and in addition, dizziness.
Jade stone treats physical dysfunctions which are impacted by stress, such as herpes, shingles or eczema. They are all directly linked to the heart chakra.