Olivine stone is a mineral belonging to the silicate group. Finding its origin around 1500 BC, and called “peridot”, it is very present in ancient Egypt. It is the main element of the mother rock “Peridotite”. The German mineralogist and geologist Abraham Gottlob Werner gave it this name, in reference to its olive green colour. It is often gathered by segregation in the rock. Historians believed that the famous emerald jewels worn by Cleopatra were adorned with peridots. Wrongly named topaz, olivine is called “sun stone” by the Egyptians, who associate its intriguing brilliance with light. This light greatly facilitates explorations, carried out at night, by allowing groups of miners to identify its location and extract it from the deposits once daylight arrives. Popular in Greek jewellery, it was mainly owned by the Ottoman sultans, and was carefully guarded by Pharaonic soldiers, who would later execute anyone who wanted to appropriate it. Unlike other crystals formed in the heart of the earth’s crust, diamond and olivine are formed deep within the earth’s mantle. Thanks to the movements of the tectonic plates and volcanic action, it is buried several kilometres deep and will be thrown back to the surface, where it will be recovered by man. It is the first mineral to crystallize when magma cools.
Mainly discovered during Antiquity on the island of Topazos, today called Zabargad or St. John’s, lost in the middle of the Red Sea, it has a special history that is told in the natural history collection of Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD). It is described there as having hypothetically appeared in the fourth century BC. The region of Zabargad, which strangely disappeared from the maps of explorers for many decades and was found in 1905, was the first to attempt an in-depth search for olivine stone for more than 3500 years. Present in multiple cultures, and with a crystalline structure, it has special significance for the Hawaiians. It represents the tears of the goddess Pele and in the Bible, and belongs to the twelve stones of Aaron’s breastplate, attributes of the gates of Jerusalem and the lineages of Israel.
EIt is also used in church decoration at the end of the Crusades, such as the great olivine, enthroned on the shrine of the Magi in the cathedral of Cologne. The Second World War put an end to the extraction of olivine stone on the island of Zabargad, giving way to five dominant deposits: Burma, Pakistan, the United States with Arizona and New Mexico, China and Vietnam. If it exceeds 8 carats, it is held by collectors or museums. The American museums in New York and Chicago exhibit the finest assortments. The Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C., also has this valuable material worth 310 carats.
Its origin remains partly unclear, but there are many assumptions that its name is derived from the Arabic word “faridat”, which refers to its precious character. Its structure is (Mg,Fe)2SiO4. Pliny the Elder described it as a green and crystalline material of bewitching beauty. It consists of a network of silica and oxygen atoms (called a silicate), on which atoms of magnesium and, in small quantities, iron are organized. It is an exceptional heap of magnesium, iron and silica, with a composition that gives us a jewel of a brilliant green thanks to the high presence of nickel or chromium. Its colour is very close to the green of the emerald. This is why it is often described as an “evening” or “poor man’s” emerald. It is also called Chrysolite. Palladot is a rarer category of this mineral group. It is a kind of meteorite of variable size, which belongs to the rare extraterrestrial stones, falling from the sky and forming the famous shooting stars. At the centre of these meteorites is a sparkling layer of a chemical mixture of iron and nickel with inclusions of olivine crystals: these are the celestial olivines. Its beauty and rarity allow it to adorn multiple jewels, illuminating them with a magnificent palette of colours, from the light olive to its most intense version. Note that if you choose an ecological roof with an olivine top coat, you will reduce the problems of CO2 emissions. In this same chapter, you should know that in rainy weather, this type of finish on your roof will neutralize the CO2 in the atmosphere. In 2013, a study of the ductility of olivine at a temperature of 850 to 1100°C, showed a low resistance of the mineral. But it is difficult to carry out these experiments with such low temperatures, which characterize the most superficial part of the mantle in contact with the earth’s crust. In May 2018, following a volcanic eruption in Hawaii, olivine crystals were ejected from the magmatic rock, or released by lava, and came to rest in gardens or on beaches.
Olivine stone has a positive psychological effect, endowing the person with enhanced self-confidence. By reducing stress, it will allow you to regain a strong spirit, erasing the guilt that comes from our past. The energy it contains gives it a great place in spirituality. It is even attributed mystical powers. It allows us to forget melancholy and the various evils of our spirit (such as jealousy). It is also reputed to bring good fortune and a harmonious life. It can also protect you from the torments of the night, deliver you from a bad spell, or reduce excess body heat.
It also brings success to marriages and relationships, and repels evil spirits. Numerous popular beliefs are attributed to it. For it to be effective, it must be worn on the wrist or around the neck if you wish to enjoy its virtues. It gives its wearer lucidity and purity, having an action on extrasensory points such as the third eye. It acts on excessive fears and low morale in order to help the wearer to face them and stay in shape. Thanks to it, you will get rid of your feelings of resentment, nervousness and even jealousy. It dispels the darkness of negative emotions that are damaging your life and directs you towards a captivating light.
Olivine stone makes the skin more beautiful, reaching the chakra of the heart and solar plexus, where the vital energy is found, to eliminate toxins. The body then regains vitality and tone. If you put it on your painful belly, it will regulate the liver, intestines or bladder. Held close to the body, it will improve your blood circulation. Plunged into water and then removed after a few hours, it will help you fight against certain skin disorders. Through massage, it will promote weight loss by eliminating fat. It will also allow you to work on yourself in case of overweight, to assume your curves. It also has a positive effect on the contractions of pregnant women in order to reduce the pain associated with them. It has an impact on your physical health because it gives you great energy. It has a positive effect on the heart by promoting good blood circulation. It gives you a better quality of sleep. It soothes inflammation and the pain of insect bites.
It supports your digestion, improves your transit, and allows you to reach a state of well-being. It is a rock whose price is accessible, and which has many soothing virtues. If you wish to purify it, it should be immersed in salty distilled water. In any case, if you want it to keep its effectiveness, recharge it by exposing it to the sun on a heap of quartz. As intriguingly beautiful as its history, it will seduce you thanks partly to its wide range of colours, from green-yellow to dark green. By diminishing the ills of the heart and mind, it will help you recover your self-esteem and balance your mental structure. After using it, you will quickly feel numerous benefits, and will use it regularly afterwards. In this connection, it should be noted that a form of this material is used in anthroposophically oriented medicine.