Jean-Claude Delamétherie, a French mineralogist, first described this stone in 1792 and gave it the name Staurolite, from the Greek σταυρός stauros (« torture stake »). This term even comes from the Indo-European root sta (« stand »). This name was kept as the main choice because of its anteriority when René Just Haüy tried to rename this stone as Staurotide stone. However, these two names are still used for this stone, as well as “staurolithe” and “croisettes de Bretagne”. It has always fascinated men with its perfect geometrical structure, sometimes in the form of a cross, which makes it one of the most surprising elements of the mineral kingdom. These stones can be found around Coray and Baud, two of the most important deposits in the world.
One may be tempted to ask where these strange rocks, found in the fields and rivers of the Dark Mountains, come from. However, it would be very unwise to destroy the crops of the peasants to find them. They might not like it! The Armorican Massif, when it was formed (millions of years ago), gave birth to many geological wonders. Among these curiosities are Staurolites. Although found mainly around Coray and Baud, the region of Scaër is also home to some specimens. These stones are not always found in the same shapes and sizes, showing sometimes a 60° twinning and sometimes a Saint André crucifix with angles between 60 and 120°. They can sometimes present triple macles leaning at 60°, but this is much rarer. We refer here to the geological term “macle” which describes a group crystals of the same nature (or even the same length), or “individuals”, symmetrically connected to each other. A single crystal, on the other hand, is called a “tomb”. Emmanuel Fritsch, a French geologist, explains that Staurolite is an amazing mineral in the context of the study of crystals, as its crystals very rarely have the beautiful, smooth, perfect faces sought after by crystallographers. Because its morphology is particularly difficult to describe, it was thought to be orthorhombic for a long time, whereas it is monoclinic. It is worth adding to this description that the colour of Staurolites changes according to the deposits. In the Coray deposit, Staurolites are mainly dark brown, whereas in the case of the Baud deposit, the stones are rather red-brown. These distinctions can be spotted by comparing two stones from two different deposits, or even with the help of a simple photo.
Their outstanding characteristics have led scientists, who have observed them with interest, to classify them as metamorphic rocks. Henri Le Bloas, who is part of Scaër’s mineral workshop, explains that this metamorphism mainly took place in clayey areas during the Orvodician era, which resulted in the rearrangement of the clay and the formation of spaces loaded with Staurolites. A solid transformation or recrystallisation (related to pressure and temperature changes) would have led to such a result. Very high temperatures, between 500° and 700° will be necessary for their surface crystallization. Moreover, Staurolite is an alkaline stone whose pelitic composition includes aluminium and iron. It also comes from micaschists, which are not very common. As Jean-Christian Goujou says, it is therefore not necessary to look for these stones elsewhere. Even with metamorphic limestone or metamorphic granite, one will not find them in such environments. To find staurolites, you will have to go to ancient mountain ranges, such as those in Russia, Madagascar or North America. But one can also stay in France thanks to the Brittany deposits which are among the most beautiful in the world, or that of Coray, which is recognized among the best. Geologists believe that Staurolites are generally found along with the so-called Rosporden granite, composed of black and white mica. This granite is particularly abundant in the region of Coray, mainly in the south, which explains the presence of Staurolites in this area. The same area also houses the most mature and most aesthetic crystals, according to Jean-Christian Goujou, a place where they have a chance to reach extraordinary dimensions. Scientists are undoubtedly captivated by the surprising shapes of Staurolites. Geology professor Claude Ducoudu claims that nature does wonderful things given Straurolites’ perfect angles !
Staurolite eis composed of iron mainly, magnesium, zinc, cobalt, aluminium and silicon. It also contains traces of chromium, titanium and manganese. Straurolite belongs to the neosilicates, more precisely silicates. It is solid rock, with a hardness ranging from 7 to 7.5. When Jean-Claude Delamétherie first described it in 1792 and chose the name Staurolite in reference to the Greek word “stauros”, it was a matter of noting the stone’s resemblance to a crucifix, regardless of its length. This characteristic is easily noticeable, especially in photographs. This is what linked the stone to the story of Christ.
Staurolite is born in aluminous metamorphic rocks. However, the Bretons developed an alternative and more magical version of its birth. It is indeed considered in this place as the “cross of the fairies”. In fairy culture, these stones are associated with soil fertility. They are said to be crystallized fairy tears, which would have been shed following the death of Christ. All over the world, these stones are also considered to be lucky charms.
In the context of lithotherapy, Staurolite is the stone of emotional balance. It helps to temporize, and its link with the fertile soil provides us with a feeling of well-being and satiety. It is particularly recommended to fight addictions. Staurotide is also perfectly adapted to help us implement changes in our lives. Whether it is to stop bad habits or to start good ones, Staurolithe will accompany you on your way and allow you to keep only the positive. More experienced people will also be able to use it as a shield when helping grieving spirits, souls in pain or even in cases of possession and purification. Indeed, it is a very powerful protective stone to be carried with you or put in a place. It will therefore be useful to people working in paranormal and purification, and to energy therapists in general, in order to prevent the entities released during the treatments from sticking to their aura. It will however be necessary to take precautions during paranormal activities of this kind, as the released entities can then find new hosts through the protected person, by sticking to their loved ones for example. It will then be necessary to think of extending its protection to others.
Staurolite stone, being linked to the root chakra, is recognized as a rooting or anchoring stone and is believed to have a particularly positive effect on physical and mental balance. Linked to the heart chakra, Staurolite stone has an aligning function. It helps to orient oneself, to make the right choices and to concentrate on following them. Depending on the chakra to which it is linked, this stone helps balancing the chakra concerned. Remember that it is endowed with a powerful and gentle energy at the same time. Because of the will and the anchoring it lends us, this stone is perfectly adapted to help us fight against the dependencies and addictions that cause so much harm to our body. A person who wants to quit smoking, for example, will know how to use his or her strength to carry through with the resolution. Straulithe is also a stone that shows us how to save our energy, thus avoiding burnout and exhaustion. You should know when to stop in order not to push yourself to the limit, and this stone will guide you. Finally, it is an antidepressant and an effective anti-stress. It is therefore a quite beneficial healing stone, whether it is for the body or the mind.