TURQUOISE STONE CHARACTERISTICS
- Origin of the name: From the name ‘turquoise’ meaning ‘stone of Turkey’
- Group: Alumina Phosphate
- Chemical composition: Aluminium and copper hydrated basic phosphate, CuA16 (PO4)4 (OH)8.4H2O.
- Crystal System: Triclinic
- Hardness: Between 5 and 6.
- Deposits: Afghanistan, Australia, China, the United States, France, Iran, Israel, Mexico, Tanzania
- Colour: Blue, Azure Blue
TURQUOISE STONE: ITS HISTORY, ORIGIN AND COMPOSITION, AND ITS LITHO THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES
History of Turquoise Stone
In 6000 BC, turquoise stone was exploited by the Egyptians for fashion and decoration. This stone was found in the form of bracelets, especially on the arms of mummies. It was also widely used in Persia as a currency for other objects.
In East Asia, primarily in Tibet and India, turquoise stone was used for its medicinal virtues, in jewellery for making necklaces or pendants, as well as in art. Meanwhile in the United States, Native Americans attributed it many virtues. The Apaches believed in turquoise for its alliance of the sky and the sea, protecting and guiding warriors and hunters. The Navajo regarded this stone as a piece of heaven that had fallen to earth. The Aztecs believed that turquoise was too powerful to be worn by humans and that only the gods were capable. During the Renaissance, turquoise became known in Europe and gradually spread.
Today, turquoise stone is widely used in jewellery for the making of many jewels, necklaces, bracelets, rings and pendants. Goldsmiths are very fond of it and thus this stone is very popular.
Origin and Composition of Turquoise Stone.
Turquoise stone has its etymological origin from the French ‘turquoise’, originally meaning ‘stone of Turkey’. Blue, turquoise belongs to the Alumina Phosphate group. It is often semi-opaque and is composed of copper, aluminium, iron, oxygen, hydrogen and phosphorus. This stone is often found in desert and arid environments. It can be found in different types of blue. If mixed with acid, this stone metamorphoses into a copper colour.
The primary deposits of turquoise stone are located in Afghanistan, Australia, China, the United States, France, Iran, Israel, Mexico and Tanzania. As this stone has been mined for a long time, nearly all of the ancient deposits have been depleted with the exception of Iran which still has many.
Litho Therapeutic Properties of Turquoise Stone
Turquoise stone is well known for its healing properties. Just as the Indians healed scorpion and snake bites with turquoise, lithotherapists use it to treat and regulate many dysfunctions of the body.
Turquoise Stone’s Mental Benefits
Mentally, turquoise stone helps to calm and reduce all forms of anger. It also increases empathy. Turquoise increases personal fulfilment and can be used at the throat chakra to allow you to let go, promoting expression with others through communication and listening. Litho therapists use turquoise at the third eye chakra to develop intuitions or deepen meditation sessions. At the heart chakra, turquoise strengthens friendship, calms anger and generally stimulates love and friendship.
Turquoise Stone’s Physical Benefits
Physically, turquoise stone’s primary effects are on pain, bodily fluids as well as on the nervous system. At the Sacral Chakra, turquoise cleanses and regulates bodily fluids, i.e. urine, blood, hormonal secretions or sperm. At the heart chakra, it regulates the nervous system thus strengthening the immune system. At the solar plexus, turquoise prevents poisoning but also excess cholesterol. Finally, at the throat chakra, it prevents diseases of the lungs but also of the throat.
Turquoise stone strengthens the meridians as well as the energy fields. Always with the aim of limiting excess, turquoise reduces excess acidity, thus regulating nutrition. It is widely used by lithotherapists to treat the stomach for rheumatism, cramps and pain of all kinds (muscular, etc.). This stone is detoxifying and anti-inflammatory. Turquoise helps to improve vision and in particular can be used to treat diseases such as cataracts.
Turquoise Stone’s Symbolism
- Turquoise stone represents water, fire and sun.
Turquoise Stone’s Traditions
- Aztecs: The god of fire was named ‘Master of Turquoise’
- Tibetan Buddhism: Spiritual and material prosperity (if combined with red coral)
- Muslims: Spiritual power
- Turquoise wedding anniversary: 18 years of marriage